India is undoubtedly a country rich in heritage, with a rich history, advanced culture, advanced ancient techniques and a scientifically rich state. What ancient India has contributed to the world is brilliant and enchanting. For more than 6,000 years Indian civilizations flourished and were one of the richest countries in the world. In addition to the invention of the game “Chess”, many fascinating things were invented and followed in ancient India. When most other ancient civilizations were still in their “Stone Age,” Indian civilization was quite advanced in its thinking, practice, technology, and systems. The Indians were able to build large ships, perform caesarean sections, build advanced drainage systems, grow cotton on a large scale, and even easily extract zinc from brass.
Here is a list of up to 10 historical facts about ancient India that will leave you amazed:
10. The value of ‘pi’ was first calculated in India by Budhaiana in 800 BC
In 800 BC, the famous Indian mathematician Budhaiana calculated the value of “Pi” and also explained the concept of Pythagoras’ theorem. Before Ariabeta and Pythagoras, Budhaiana was able to explain the value of “Pi”. He is considered to be the earliest author of the Sulba Sutra which contains the calculation of the value of pi, the Pythagorean theorem, the calculation of the square root 2 and the rotation of the square. Budhaiana Sutras is a Vedic Sanskrit text that contains important information about mathematics, dharma, daily rituals and many other things explained many important mathematical theorems.
Yoga is a form of physical, mental and spiritual practices for improving one’s well-being and health that originated in India more than 5,000 years ago during pre-Vedic times. This system is known to have been mentioned in the Rigveda. Yoga became known and well developed only during the 6th and 5th centuries BC, during the rise of Buddhism and Jainism. Two important types of yoga are Hatha yoga and Ryaja yoga which are popular. Yoga arrived in the west only in the 19th and 20th centuries. Many yoga gurus have introduced the practice to the west. It was not until the 1980s that yoga became popular in the West. Today, this system is considered one of the most popular physical exercise systems in the Western world.
8. Indian Ayurveda (medical school) dates back to 6,000 years ago
Ayurveda is a traditional medical system developed in the medieval periods of India. The origins of Ayurveda go back to around 5,000 BC, when it was transmitted only orally. This was evident during the Indus Valley Civilization as well. Ayurveda is actively contributed by doctors such as Charaka in the form of Charaka Samhita and Sushruta in the form of Sushruta Samhita. The system used different types of herbs and plants to treat diseases and illnesses. Today, the system is monitored all over the world. 80% of Indians use some form of Ayurvedic medicine.
7. India knew that the extraction of zinc by distillation was already in the 10th century BC
India was a world master in metallurgy and the people of the Indus Valley civilization knew the process of extracting zinc by distillation from zinc ore in the 10th century BC. The people of the Indus Valley civilization produced zinc on an industrial scale. Melting of zinc is considered extremely difficult due to the low boiling point (907 ° C). If you do not control the boiling point, the zinc would evaporate. But the Indians were smart enough to find ways to extract zinc by distillation. The production of this interesting metal led to the innovation of dishes. Zinc mines also existed active in Zavar, Rajasthan dating back to the 6th century BC. It is obvious that people in India knew zinc from a very early beginning.
6. The two main religions – Buddhism and Jainism – were founded in India in 500 and 600 BC.
The two main religions in the world today – Buddhism and Jainism – originated in India around 500 and 600 BC. Initially, the Harapani in India followed the historical Vedic religion. He marks the period of reforms between 800-200 BC as a turning point between the Vedic and Hindu religions. The ancient Indian religious movement known as the Shraman movement created two religions – Buddhism and Jainism. This period is also known for writing the Upanishads and the rise of Vedanta.
5. The Indians knew about plastic surgery 2600 years ago
Surgical operations such as cataracts, plastic surgery, brain and leprosy surgery, and many other complex surgeries were performed by Sushruta about 2600 years ago. He was also called “the first plastic surgeon”. Susruta-samhita is one of the most important surviving ancient treatises on medicine and is considered to be the basic text of Ayurveda. The paper consists of a description of 1120 diseases, 700 medicinal plants, 64 preparations from mineral springs and 57 preparations based on animal springs.
4. Ariabhata correctly explained the lunar eclipse and the solar eclipse in the 5th century
Araiabhata explained exactly how the Lunar Eclipse and the Solar Eclipse occurred. Arijabhata was a great astronomer, scientist and mathematician from the 5th century. Ariabhata is known to have studied at the University of Nalanda. He was born in Kerala, but lived in Kusumapuri. Ariabatia – written in 499 AD, was one of his famous books. Arijebatia is the oldest permanent Indian work with alphabet numbers. Ariabhata not only correctly explained the lunar eclipse and the solar eclipse, but also explained the movement of celestial bodies, the celestial relationship between the Earth and the cosmos, and many other astronomical things.
3. The art of navigation was developed in the Indus River 6000 years ago
6000 years ago, India knew the art of navigation. The first known sailing skill was developed in the Indus River by the Indus Valley Civilization. In fact, the word “navigation” is a rendition of the Sanskrit word, “Navgatih”. Harappan civilization knew how to move in water. There is ample evidence that the Indus Valley civilization had great trade ties with ancient Egyptian civilizations, and the Sumerians were intermediaries. The Rig Veda mentions several ships used to cross the Samudra or the ocean.
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2. The ZERO number was invented in India along with the decimal system
The origins of the modern system of decimal points were developed in India around 100 BC. Modern zero was invented by Ariabhata. The place value system was developed in India before the 5th century BC. An ingenious way of expressing every possible number using a set of ten symbols has emerged in India. The Indians played with numbers as early as the 2nd century BC.
1. The civilization of the Indus Valley is one of the oldest civilizations in the world
The Indus Valley Civilization is one of the three early civilizations of the ancient world. Civilization is considered advanced in many things such as irrigation, mining, navigation, and science. It is known that civilization existed around 3300 to 1300 BC. The civilization of the Indus Valley originates earlier from cultures like the Mehrgarh, which existed more than 6,000 years before the new era. The Bronze Age civilization existed in the present-day regions of northeastern Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwestern India. The people of civilization were advanced in many parts of science, mathematics, chemistry and physics. They were accurate for measuring weight, mass and time systems.