The world has become the deadliest place to live with countries that possess deadly weapons and weapons of mass destruction like atomic bombs and nuclear bombs. There are currently enough nuclear weapons in the world that easily destroy the country. The impact of the largest and most powerful nuclear bomb ever designed – the Emperor Bomb, would have a fireball radius of 3 km, a radiation radius of close to 8 km, and an air explosion radius can range from 12 to 30 km. This means that if a bomb were dropped, all living organisms 30 km long could easily be killed. It is very impossible to imagine the impact of the Third World War.
There are currently five countries recognized as nuclear-weapon states that have signed the NPT or the Non-Proliferation Treaty to adhere to its three pillars, namely non-proliferation, disarmament and the right to peaceful use of nuclear technology. These five countries are the United States, Russia, China, France and the United Kingdom. The United States and Russia together own 80% of the world’s nuclear weapons. On the other hand, China believes that it possesses a large number of nuclear weapons that are not revealed to the world. India, Pakistan, Israel and South Sudan are the four countries in the world that have not signed the NPT. North Korea has withdrawn from the NPT program. South Africa, Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan previously possessed nuclear weapons, and later transferred all that to Russia and joined the NPT. Until 1998, Cuba was the only nuclear country that did not sign the NPT, and in 2002.
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Here is a list of the top 10 countries with the most nuclear missiles or warheads in the world since 2017:
Total nuclear missiles – NA
Iran is a new addition to the list of countries that could possibly possess nuclear weapons and missiles. The US intelligence agency has already predicted that Iran could possess key ingredients for nuclear weapons.
9. North Korea
Total nuclear missiles – 10-20
North Korea was a former signatory to the NPT and later withdrew from it in 2003. In 2009, North Korea said it had developed nuclear weapons and conducted its first nuclear test in 2006, sparking protests by NPT countries. Again in 2007, North Korea confirmed that it possessed nuclear weapons. In 2009, they conducted their second successful test, which made the country a “full-fledged nuclear power”. In 2013, North Korea is believed to have conducted its third underground nuclear test. They currently have short- and medium-range nuclear missiles built into their armed forces.
Total nuclear missiles – 80
Israel is a country with an aggressive and hostile neighborhood. Israel definitely needed its defense systems to be capable enough to withstand all attacks on its soil. Although Israel is known to possess huge quantities of nuclear missiles and weapons that can range from 80 to 400, it officially has 80 warheads in its nuclear arsenal. There is no evidence of the date or record of its first nuclear test. Israel has a wide range of nuclear weapons ranging from intercontinental ballistic missiles to submarine cruise missiles.
Total nuclear missiles – 130-140
India is also not a signatory to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, like Pakistan. India began its nuclear research program in 1967. India conducted its first nuclear test in 1974 and then its second test in 1998. India has not officially declared or commented on the size of its nuclear arsenal. India has a strict “non-first use” policy and would use weapons only in retaliation. India has already developed a wide range of indigenous missiles such as the Agni and Prithvi series.
Total nuclear missiles – 140-150
Pakistan is not a signatory to the NPT which is in a race with India for possession of a number of nuclear missiles and warheads. Pakistan’s nuclear program was led by Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1972 in response to the development of nuclear research and weapons from neighboring India. Bhutto quickly followed the nuclear research program after an unexpected Indian nuclear test, called the Smiling Buddha in 1974. Finally, in 1998, after another successful Indian nuclear test, Pakistan detonated five nuclear devices in Ras Koh Hill, Chagai district. This operation was code-named Chagai-I.
5. Great Britain
Total nuclear missiles – 215
During the 1970s, the British government had 520 nuclear warheads. Today, half of them are resting and owning 215 nuclear missiles. The United Kingdom is the third country to test a nuclear bomb in 1952. England is one of the five NPT countries. The United Kingdom has kept the size of its nuclear arsenal a secret and officially has 150 active warheads. Historically, the UK has conducted about 45 nuclear tests. Today, Great Britain is considered a strong state in terms of its nuclear capabilities and the number of warheads possessed.
Total nuclear missiles – 280
China is an emerging economic power, as well as in terms of defense forces. China has also emerged as a major power in the race for nuclear weapons. They are one of the oldest nations in the world to have weapons of mass destruction. The first nuclear tests were performed in 1964. The number of actual warheads with China is still unknown and it is a state secret. There are reports that indicate that China could have as many as 3,000 warheads. Officially, China has 260 warheads and they have not been installed. China has a strict “non-first use” policy, which means that they would only attack it if they were attacked by nuclear weapons. There are also reports indicating that China would double its nuclear forces to defeat the United States by 2020.
Total nuclear missiles – 300
France is a country with constant attacks from terrorists, and that country needs more protection than other European countries. France has the ability to strike with nuclear weapons from the air, sea or land – which is called a triad. France is known to have deactivated all its nuclear missiles on land.
2. It unites states
Total nuclear missiles – 6450
The United States is the most powerful country in the world with the largest number of warheads deployed. The United States has 1,750 warheads deployed within the country, as well as on other continents / countries. There are 6450 other warheads that are either tactical nuclear warheads or non-deployed strategic warheads. The United States also has a larger number of ICBMs and SLBMs than Russia with 785 missiles.
Total nuclear missiles – 6850
At one point, Russia had 45,000 nuclear warheads due to the nuclear race and balanced competitions from the west. Russia has now dismantled and reduced the number of nuclear missiles to about 6,850. Of these 1,600, warheads are active, and the rest are warheads that are either in reserve or in the dismantling phase. Russia is known to have 515 intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), strategic bombers and ballistic missiles (SLBMs). There are thousands of unsorted strategic warheads in Russia.